There are numerous ways you can become involved in a traffic collision. It helps to know the most common varieties so you can take active steps to avoid them. Knowing the different types can also shine some light on who is ultimately responsible for each car accident. Here are typical accidents you see around Illinois every day.

  1. Rear-end collision

Rear-end collisions happen all the time. They often occur as a result of the driver in front slowing down the vehicle and the driver behind him or her not slowing down in time. The Macon County Sheriff’s Department witnessed this recently when two cars got in a rear-end collision outside of a Casey’s General Store. Most of the time, the driver who rear-ended the other car holds all of the liability.

  1. Head-on collision 

This is by far the deadliest car accident that could happen. This occurs when the front end of a car strikes another object. It is usually another vehicle, but it could be a tree, animal or another obstruction. The chances of a head-on collision increase if there is ice, rain or snow on the road. Concussions and internal damage are common in these instances.

  1. Side-impact collisions

Most people refer to this type of collision as a “T-bone.” It occurs when one car strikes the side of another car. The level of damage with this crash can vary significantly. It could lead to the bumper getting a few scratches. The main variable is how fast the colliding car traveled.

  1. Multiple-vehicle collisions

The news often refers to these crashes as pile-ups. They refer to crashes that involve at least three cars colliding into one another. They usually take place on busy highways or freeways. Due to the sheer amount of metal involved in the crash, injuries can include everything from whiplash to paralysis. It becomes even more dangerous if one of the vehicles is substantially larger than the others.

Staying alert may help drivers to avoid these collisions before they occur. If you are in an accident, first get to safety, then take the steps to collect insurance information and evidence for any injury claim you may have down the road.